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Information About Air Dryer And Air Dryer Types

A compressed air dryer is a device for removing water vapor from compressed air.Compressed air dryers are commonly found in a wide range of industrial and commercial facilities.The process of air compression concentrates atmospheric contaminants, including water vapor.This raises the dew point of the compressed air relative to free atmospheric air and leads to condensation within pipes as the compressed air cools downstream of the compressor.Excessive water in compressed air, in either the liquid or vapor phase, can cause a variety of operational problems for users of compressed air.These include freezing of outdoor air lines, corrosion in piping and equipment, malfunctioning of pneumatic process control instruments, fouling of processes and products, and more.There are various types of compressed air dryers.Their performance characteristics are typically defined by the dew point.Refrigerated dryer refrigerated air dryers employ two heat exchangers, one for air-to-air and one for air-to-refrigeration.However, there is also a single trisab heat exchanger that combines both functions.The compressors used in this type of dryer are usually of the hermetic type and the most common gas used is r-134a.The goal of having two heat exchangers is that the cold outgoing air cools down the hot incoming and reduces the size of compressor required.At the same time the increase in the temperature of outgoing prevents re-condensation.Most manufacturers produce "cycling dryers".These store a cold mass that cools the ar when the compressor is off.When the refrigeration compressor runs, the large mass takes much longer to cool, so the compressor runs longer, and stays off longer.These units operate at lower dew points, typically in the 35-40 °f range.When selected with the optional "cold coalescing filter", these units can deliver compressed ai with lower dew points.Some manufacturers are marketing compressors with built-in refrigeration dryers, but these have had a mixed acceptance in the market.Commonly a coalescing prefilter is installed immediately upstream of a refrigerated dryer to remove lubricating oil and other contaminants that have the potential to foul the dryer's heat exchangers.Deliquescent dryer a deliquescent dryer typically consists of a pressure vessel filled with a hygroscopic media that absorbs water vapor.The media gradually dissolves-or deliquesces-to form a solution at the base of the pressure vessel.The liquid must be regularly drained from the vessel and new media must be added.The media is usually in tablet or briquette form.Deliquescent air dryers have no moving parts and don't require electrical power for operation.Common applications therefore often involve remote, hazardous, or mobile worksites.Deliquescent dryers are used for removing water vapor from compressed air, natural gas, and waste gases such as landfill gas and digester gas.The performance of a deliquescent dryer, as measured by outlet dew point, is highly dependent on the temperature of the air or gas being processed, with cooler temperatures resulting in better performance.Desiccant dryer the term "desiccant dryer" refers to a broad class of dryers.Other terms commonly used are regenerative dryer and twin tower dryer, and to a lesser extent adsorption dryer.The compressed air is passed through a pressure vessel with two "towers" filled with a media such as activated alumina, silica gel, molecular sieve or other desiccant material.This desiccant material attracts the water from the compressed ir via adsorption.As the water clings to the desiccant, the desiccant "bed" becomes saturated.The dryer is timed to switch towers based on a standard nema cycle, once this cycle completes some compressed air from the system is used to "purge" the saturated desiccant bed by simply blowing the water that has adhered to the desiccant off.The duty of the desiccant is to bring the pressure dew point of the compressed air to a level in which the water will no longer condense, or to remove as much water from the compressed air as possible.A standard dew point that is expected by a regenerative dryer is −40 °c (−40 °f), this means that when the ir leaves the dryer there is as much water in the air as if the ir had been "cooled" to −40 °c (−40 °f).Required dew point is dependent on application and −70 °c is required in some applications.Many newer dryers come equipped with a dew dependant switching (dds) which allows for the dryer to detect dew point and shorten or lengthen the drying cycle to fulfill the required dew point.Oftentimes this will save significant amounts of energy which is one of the largest factors when determining the proper compressed air system.

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